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Margaret Tudor
Margaret Tudor

Margaret Tudor (28 November 1489 â€" 18 October 1541), also known as Margaret, Queen of Scots , born at Westminster Palace, was the el...

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Henry VII of England
Henry VII of England

Henry VII (Welsh: Harri Tudur ; 28 January 1457 â€" 21 April 1509) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizing the crown ...

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Treaty of Perpetual Peace
Treaty of Perpetual Peace

The Treaty of Perpetual Peace was signed by James IV of Scotland and Henry VII of England in 1502. It agreed to end the intermittent warfar...

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James IV of Scotland
James IV of Scotland

James IV (17 March 1473 â€" 9 September 1513) was the King of Scots from 11 June 1488 to his death. He is generally regarded as the mo...

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Battle of Verneuil
Battle of Verneuil

The Battle of Verneuil (occasionally 'Vernuil') was a strategically important battle of the Hundred Years' War, fought on 17 Au...

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Battle of Baugé
Battle of Baugé

The Battle of Baugé , fought between the English and a Franco-Scots army on 22 March 1421 at Baugé, France, east of Angers, was a major de...

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Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc

Joan of Arc (French: Jeanne d'Arc , IPA:  [Ê'an daʁk] ; c. 1412 â€" 30 May 1431), nicknamed " The Maid of Orléans &qu...

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Charles VII of France
Charles VII of France

Charles VII (22 February 1403 â€" 22 July 1461), called the Victorious (French: le Victorieux ) or the Well-Served (French: le Bien-...

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Garde Écossaise
Garde Écossaise

The Garde Écossaise ( French pronunciation: ​ [É¡aʁd ekÉ"sÉ›z] , Scots Guard ) was an elite Scottish military unit founded in 141...

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Scottish Highlands
Scottish Highlands

The Scottish Highlands , known locally simply as the Highlands (Scottish Gaelic: A' Ghàidhealtachd , "the place of the Gaels"...

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Middle Ages
Middle Ages

In European history, the Middle Ages , or Medieval period , lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the collapse of the Weste...

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Robert II of Scotland
Robert II of Scotland

Robert II (2 March 1316 â€" 19 April 1390) reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewar...

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David II of Scotland
David II of Scotland

David II (Medieval Gaelic: Daibhidh a Briuis , Modern Gaelic: Dàibhidh Bruis ; Norman French: Dauid de Brus , Early Scots: Dauid Brus; 5 M...

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Pope John XXII
Pope John XXII

Pope John XXII (Latin: Ioannes XXII ; 1244 â€" 4 December 1334), born Jacques Duèze (or d'Euse ), was Pope from 7 August 1316 to...

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Declaration of Arbroath
Declaration of Arbroath

The Declaration of Arbroath is a declaration of Scottish independence, made in 1320. It is in the form of a letter in Latin submitted to Po...

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High King of Ireland
High King of Ireland

The High Kings of Ireland (Irish: Ard Rí na hÉireann ) were sometimes historical and sometimes legendary figures who had, or who are clai...

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Edward Bruce
Edward Bruce

Edward Bruce, Earl of Carrick (Norman French: Edward de Brus ; Middle Irish: Edubard a Briuis ; Modern Scottish Gaelic: Eideard or Iomhair...

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Battle of Bannockburn
Battle of Bannockburn

The Battle of Bannockburn ( Blàr Allt nam Bànag , often mistakenly called Blàr Allt a' Bhonnaich in Scottish Gaelic) (24 June 131...

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Dumfries
Dumfries

Dumfries ( / d ʌ m ˈ f r iː s / dum- FREESS ; possibly from Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Phris ) is a market town and former royal burgh wit...

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Greyfriars Kirk
Greyfriars Kirk

Greyfriars Kirk , today Greyfriars Tolbooth & Highland Kirk , is a parish kirk (church) of the Church of Scotland in central Edinburgh, ...

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John III Comyn, Lord of Badenoch
John III Comyn, Lord of Badenoch

John III 'Red' Comyn, Lord of Badenoch and Lord of Lochaber, also known simply as the Red Comyn (died 10 February 1306) was a Scot...

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Andrew Moray
Andrew Moray

Andrew Moray (Norman French: Andreu de Moray ; Latin: Andreas de Moravia ), also known as Andrew de Moray , Andrew of Moray , or Andrew Mur...

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Auld Alliance
Auld Alliance

The Auld Alliance (Scots for "Old Alliance"; Vieille Alliance in French) was the alliance between the kingdoms of Scotland and F...

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St. Andrew's Day
St. Andrew's Day

St. Andrew's Day is the feast day of Saint Andrew. It is celebrated on the 30th of November. Saint Andrew is the patron saint of Scot...

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Berwick Castle
Berwick Castle

Berwick Castle is a ruined castle in Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England. History The castle was founded in the 12th century ...

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John Balliol
John Balliol

For the father of the king, see John I de Balliol. For the 1825 play, see John Balliol (play). John Balliol ( c.  1249 â€" 25 Nov...

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Competitors for the Crown of Scotland
Competitors for the Crown of Scotland

With the death of King Alexander III in 1286, the crown of Scotland passed to his only surviving descendant, his three-year-old granddaughte...

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Margaret, Maid of Norway
Margaret, Maid of Norway

Margaret (9 April 1283 â€" 26 September 1290) was a Norwegian princess who reigned as Queen of Scots from 1286 until her death. Her de...

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Alexander III of Scotland
Alexander III of Scotland

Alexander III (Medieval Gaelic: Alaxandair mac Alaxandair ; Modern Gaelic: Alasdair mac Alasdair ) (4 September 1241 â€" 19 March 1286...

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William Wallace
William Wallace

Sir William Wallace (Medieval Gaelic: Uilliam Uallas ; modern Scottish Gaelic: Uilleam Uallas ; Norman French: William le Waleys ), died 23...

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Wallace Monument
Wallace Monument

Not to be confused with the National Monument of Scotland in Edinburgh. The National Wallace Monument (generally known as the Wallace M...

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Burgh
Burgh

A burgh / ˈ b ʌr ə / was an autonomous corporate entity in Scotland and Northern England, usually a town, or toun in Scots. This type ...

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Davidian Revolution
Davidian Revolution

The Davidian Revolution is a term given by many scholars to the changes which took place in the Kingdom of Scotland during the reign of Dav...

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David I of Scotland
David I of Scotland

David I (Medieval Gaelic: Dabíd mac Maíl Choluim ; Modern Gaelic: Daibhidh I mac [Mhaoil] Chaluim ; 1084 â€" 24 May 1153) was a 12th...

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Old Norse
Old Norse

Old Norse is a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements during a...

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Alexander I of Scotland
Alexander I of Scotland

Alexander I (medieval Gaelic: Alaxandair mac Maíl Coluim ; modern Gaelic: Alasdair mac Mhaol Chaluim ; c. 1078 â€" 23 April 1124), po...

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Bede
Bede

Bede ( / ˈ b iː d / BEED ; Old English: BÇ£da or BÄ"da ; 672/673 â€" 26 May 735), also referred to as Saint Bede or the Vene...

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Battle of Dun Nechtain
Battle of Dun Nechtain

The Battle of Dun Nechtain or Battle of Nechtansmere (Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Dhùn Neachdain , Old Irish: Dún Nechtain , Old Welsh: Linn ...

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Peter Heather
Peter Heather

Peter Heather (born 1960) is a historian of Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, currently Professor of Medieval History at King's...

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Fortriu
Fortriu

Fortriu or the Kingdom of Fortriu is the name given by historians for an ancient Pictish kingdom (1-850 AD), and often used synonymously w...

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Scotland in the High Middle Ages
Scotland in the High Middle Ages

The High Middle Ages of Scotland encompass Scotland in the era between the death of Domnall II in 900 AD and the death of king Alexander II...

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Scotland in the Early Middle Ages
Scotland in the Early Middle Ages

Scotland in the early Middle Ages , between the end of Roman authority in southern and central Britain from around 400 and the rise of the k...

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Dál Riata
Dál Riata

Dál Riata (also Dalriada or Dalriata ) was a Gaelic overkingdom that included parts of western Scotland and northeastern Ulster in Irelan...

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