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Bahamian English is a dialect of English spoken in the Bahamas and by Bahamian diasporas. It should not be confused with Bahamian Creole, which is an English-based creole language.

Pronunciation



  • The Kit Vowel: The realization of the kit vowel in the Bahamian English is pretty much the same as in American English, the default [ɪ].
  • The Dress Vowel: The vowel of dress is [É›].
  • The Trap Vowel: This vowel is mostly [a] or [æ].
  • The Lot Vowel: As mostly of the US, this vowel is usually [É'].
  • The Strut Vowel: It is the same as in the US English, [ÊŒ].
  • The Foot Vowel: It is [ÊŠ].
  • The Fleece Vowel: It's [i] or a diphthong [ɪi].
  • The Face Diphthong: It's generally [eɪ] or [ɛɪ].
  • The Palm Vowel: It is mostly [É'].
  • The Thought Vowel: The vowel of thought is [É"].
  • The Goat Diphthong: It's generally [ɵʊ] or [oÊŠ].
  • The Near Diphthong: It's [eÉ™] or [iÉ™].
  • The Square Diphthong: It's [eÉ™].
  • The Start Vowel: It's [É'ː].
  • The North Diphthong: The diphthong in north is usually [É"É™].
  • The Force Diphthong: The diphthong in force is usually [oÉ™].
  • The Cure Diphthong: The diphthong in cure is usually [uÉ™].
  • The Bath Vowel: This vowel is mostly [a] or [æ].
  • The Cloth Vowel: It is mostly [É"].
  • The Nurse Vowel: It varies among [É™], [Éœ] and [Éœi].
  • The Goose vowel: It's mostly [ʉː].
  • The Price/Prize Dithphong: It's generally [É'ɪ].
  • The Choice Diphthong: It's [oɪ] or [É'ɪ].
  • The Mouth Diphthong: It varies among [ao], [aɵ] [aÉ›] and [É'É™].
  • The happY vowel: It is pretty much the kit vowel: [ɪ].
  • The lettEr-horsEs-commA vowel is [É™].
  • The Bahamian accent is non-rhotic.
  • There's poor distinction between the [v] and [w] sounds in Bahamian English. The contrast is often neutralized or merged into [v], [b] or [β], so village sounds like [wɪlɪdÊ'], [vɪlɪdÊ'] or [βɪlɪdÊ']. This also happens in the Vincentian, Bermudian and other Caribbean Englishes.
  • Dental fricatives are usually changed to alveolar plosives:

Voiced: -"That" turning into "Dat". -"Those" turning into "Dose". -"There" turning into "Dere". -"They" turning into "Dey".

Unvoiced: -"Thanks" becoming "Tanks". -"Throw" becoming "Trow". -"Three" becoming "Tree"

Grammar


Bahamian English

Vocabulary



References


Bahamian English
  • http://www.bahamasgateway.com/asshole_lingo.htm
  • Kortmann, Bernd (2004). A Handbook of Varieties of English: Phonology. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-017532-5. 



Bahamian English

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