Bahamian English is a dialect of English spoken in the Bahamas and by Bahamian diasporas. It should not be confused with Bahamian Creole, which is an English-based creole language.
- The Kit Vowel: The realization of the kit vowel in the Bahamian English is pretty much the same as in American English, the default [Éª].
- The Dress Vowel: The vowel of dress is [É].
- The Trap Vowel: This vowel is mostly [a] or [Ã¦].
- The Lot Vowel: As mostly of the US, this vowel is usually [É'].
- The Strut Vowel: It is the same as in the US English, [Ê].
- The Foot Vowel: It is [Ê].
- The Fleece Vowel: It's [i] or a diphthong [Éªi].
- The Face Diphthong: It's generally [eÉª] or [ÉÉª].
- The Palm Vowel: It is mostly [É'].
- The Thought Vowel: The vowel of thought is [É"].
- The Goat Diphthong: It's generally [ÉµÊ] or [oÊ].
- The Near Diphthong: It's [eÉ] or [iÉ].
- The Square Diphthong: It's [eÉ].
- The Start Vowel: It's [É'Ë].
- The North Diphthong: The diphthong in north is usually [É"É].
- The Force Diphthong: The diphthong in force is usually [oÉ].
- The Cure Diphthong: The diphthong in cure is usually [uÉ].
- The Bath Vowel: This vowel is mostly [a] or [Ã¦].
- The Cloth Vowel: It is mostly [É"].
- The Nurse Vowel: It varies among [É], [É] and [Éi].
- The Goose vowel: It's mostly [ÊË].
- The Price/Prize Dithphong: It's generally [É'Éª].
- The Choice Diphthong: It's [oÉª] or [É'Éª].
- The Mouth Diphthong: It varies among [ao], [aÉµ] [aÉ] and [É'É].
- The happY vowel: It is pretty much the kit vowel: [Éª].
- The lettEr-horsEs-commA vowel is [É].
- The Bahamian accent is non-rhotic.
- There's poor distinction between the [v] and [w] sounds in Bahamian English. The contrast is often neutralized or merged into [v], [b] or [Î²], so village sounds like [wÉªlÉªdÊ'], [vÉªlÉªdÊ'] or [Î²ÉªlÉªdÊ']. This also happens in the Vincentian, Bermudian and other Caribbean Englishes.
- Dental fricatives are usually changed to alveolar plosives:
Voiced: -"That" turning into "Dat". -"Those" turning into "Dose". -"There" turning into "Dere". -"They" turning into "Dey".
Unvoiced: -"Thanks" becoming "Tanks". -"Throw" becoming "Trow". -"Three" becoming "Tree"
- Kortmann, Bernd (2004). A Handbook of Varieties of English: Phonology. Walter de Gruyter. ISBNÂ 978-3-11-017532-5.Â