- Monarch â" Elizabeth II
- First Minister and Keeper of the Great Seal - Alex Salmond
- 25 January(Burns Night)â"30 November (St Andrew's Day) - Homecoming Scotland
- 13 January - Minor earthquake in Shetland.
- 24 January - Three climbers are killed in an avalanche on Buachaille Etive MÃ²r in the Highlands of Scotland. Five others walk away uninjured, whilst another suffers a shoulder injury.
- 28 January - The Scottish Parliament rejects the budget tabled by the Scottish National Party administration. The Presiding Officer casts the deciding vote after the result is originally tied at 64 in favour, 64 against. The Scottish Finance Secretary, John Swinney, says the budget will be put before parliament again as soon as is possible, whilst the First Minister, Alex Salmond, reportedly puts the SNP on an 'election footing' in case the budget were to be voted down once more.
- 4 February - The Scottish Parliament approves the minority SNP's administration's budget at the second time of asking. Both Labour and the Liberal Democrats vote for the budget after voting the measures down in the previous vote.
- 30 March - Major power cut hits Glasgow and parts of the West of Scotland, causing traffic chaos in most areas.
- 3 April - Glasgow school closures protest, 2009 begins
- 5 April - Andy Murray wins the Sony Ericsson Open
- 8 April - Slovakian, Marek Harcar, jailed for at least 25 years after being found guilty of raping and murdering Moira Jones in a Glasgow park
- 13 April - Scotland win the World Men's Curling Championship, in Moncton, Canada
- 30 April - Beltane
- 4 May - John Higgins wins the 2009 World Snooker Championship
- 14 May - Tradeston Bridge opens for pedestrians across the River Clyde in Glasgow
- 22 May - Whitelee Wind Farm, the largest wind farm in Europe, officially opens.
- 4 June - The SNP tops the poll in the European Election in Scotland, winning two of Scotland's six MEPs. Labour also win two, with the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats winning one each.
- 14 June - The first Swine Flu related death in the United Kingdom is confirmed by the Scottish Government at 20:30BST.
- 15 June - The Calman Commission recommends that the Scottish Parliament be given greater control over tax and legislation such as setting speed limits.
- 17â"28 June - Edinburgh International Film Festival
- 25â"28 June - Royal Highland Show
- 7 July - Royal Navy Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carrier HMSÂ Queen ElizabethÂ (R08) laid down at BAE Systems, Govan; she will be assembled at Rosyth Dockyard
- 16â"19 July - Open Championship, Turnberry (golf course), South Ayrshire
- 2 August - Catriona Matthew wins the 2009 Women's British Open
- 11 August - Archaeologists announce that they have discovered a royal tomb from the early Bronze Age, at Forteviot
- 14 August - Archaeologists announce that they have discovered a Neolithic temple in the Heart of Neolithic Orkney World Heritage Site
- 20 August - The Scottish justice secretary Kenny MacAskill grants release to the convicted Lockerbie bomber Abdelbaset al-Megrahi on compassionate grounds, stating that Megrahi is in the final stages of terminal prostate cancer.
- 15 September - Geology of Scotland: Shetland awarded European Geopark status
- 27 October - The West Highland Free Press becomes the UK's only employee-owned newspaper.
- 16 November - Galloway Forest Park is designated at a dark sky park by the International Dark-Sky Association
- 20 November - John Swinney, Cabinet Secretary for Finance and Sustainable Growth, wins the Scottish Politician of the Year Award 2009
- 23 November - Susan Boyle's first album, I Dreamed a Dream becomes Amazon's best-selling album in pre-sales.
- 26 November - BrewDog launched a new beer called Tactical Nuclear Penguin, with 32% alcohol, which is claimed to be the strongest beer ever made
- 1 December - The first reshuffle of the Scottish Cabinet since the Scottish National Party came to power in May 2007
- 4â"12 December - 2009 European Curling Championships, Aberdeen
- 16 December - Scotland's largest airline, Flyglobespan, goes into administration.
- 17 December - Archaeologists announce that they have found man-made structures on the sea-bed off the island of Damsay, Orkney.
- 20 December - Richie Ramsay wins the South African Open, Scotland's first win on the European Tour since Alastair Forsyth won the Madeira Island Open in March 2008
- 30 December - Three climbers are killed following three large avalanches in the Scottish mountains.
- 15 June - final report of the Calman Commission
- 1 April - Marine Scotland
- 7 January - Alfie Conn, Sr, footballer (born 1926)
- 29 January - John Martyn, singer-songwriter (born 1948)
- 6 February - Bashir Ahmad, Scottish National Party MSP for Glasgow (born 1940)
- 17 February - Victor Kiernan, Marxist historian
- 19 February - Anna Watt, variety entertainer
- 30 April - Maurice Lindsay, broadcaster, writer and poet (died 1918)
- 7 June - Gordon Lennon, footballer (born 1983)
- 6 July - Jim Reid, folk musician (born 1934)
- 29 July - Paul McGrillen, footballer, by suicide (born 1971)
- 23 September - Bill Speirs (born 1952), general secretary of the Scottish Trades Union Congress, and key figure on the left of the Scottish Labour Party, and in the campaign for Scottish devolution, e.g. he was instrumental in the creation of Scotland United, was a member of the Scottish Constitutional Convention, and was a member of the group that drafted the key document Scotland's Parliament, Scotland's Right in 1995
- 28 September - Reverend Maxwell Craig, the Extra Chaplain to the Queen
- Timeline of Scottish history
- 2009 in the United Kingdom