2006 in Scotland.
- Monarch â" Elizabeth II
- First Minister and Keeper of the Great Seal â" Jack McConnell
- January 1 - Transport Scotland begins operations as an agency of the Scottish Executive.
- January 7 - Charles Kennedy, leader of the Liberal Democrats resigns after revelations that he has a drinking problem.
- February - National Theatre of Scotland established as a peripatetic company.
- February 9 - Dunfermline and West Fife by-election: Willie Rennie of the Liberal Democrats is the winner, the first time the Labour Party have ever lost a seat they were defending to the Liberal Democrats, the SDP or the Liberal Party at a Scottish by-election
- March 2
- Sir Menzies Campbell is elected leader of the Liberal Democrats following an election caused by the resignation of Charles Kennedy.
- Four people are injured in an explosion in a GlaxoSmithKline factory in Irvine, North Ayrshire.
- March 15â"26 - Scotland at the 2006 Commonwealth Games.
- March 28 - Royal Regiment of Scotland created.
- April 27 - Moray by-election: Richard Lochhead holds the seat in the Scottish Parliament for the Scottish National Party.
- May 30 - Scottish TV and Grampian TV both relaunched under the new name of STV.
- Sheridan v News International.
- 1 August â" Gregory Burke's play Black Watch is first performed, by the National Theatre of Scotland at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe'
- 21 August â" The first modern solely Gaelic-medium school to offer secondary education, Sgoil GhÃ idhlig Ghlaschu, is opened at Woodside in Glasgow.
- Scotland's first offshore wind turbine is installed in the Beatrice Wind Farm, 24 km (15 mi; 13 nmi) offshore in the Moray Firth.
- The Scottish Crossbill is finally confirmed as a unique species.
- September 3 - Establishment of Solidarity - Scotland's Socialist Movement, a breakaway from the Scottish Socialist Party.
- September 18 - The Clyde Arc, a pedestrian/cycle bridge over the River Clyde at Finnieston, is officially opened and named.
- 5 October - Rt. Hon. Elish Angiolini, QC, appointed as Lord Advocate. She is the first woman, first Procurator Fiscal, and the first solicitor to be appointed to the post.
- 8 November - Three men of Pakistani origin sentenced to life imprisonment for the racist murder of Kriss Donald in Glasgow.
- 25â"26 November - Aberdeen Cup tennis tournament.
- 30 November - Residents of Benbecula take control of a large part of the island in a community buy-out.
- National Theatre of Scotland
- Royal Regiment of Scotland
- Solidarity - Scotland's Socialist Movement
- Transport Scotland
- King's Own Scottish Borderers
- The Royal Scots
- January 5 - Rachel Squire, Labour MP (born 1954)
- January 31 - Moira Shearer, ballet dancer and actress (born 1926)
- February 9 - Ena Lamont Stewart, playwright (born 1912)
- February 10 - John Prentice, football player and manager (born 1926)
- February 28 - Hugh McCartney, former Labour MP (born 1920)
- March 3 - Ivor Cutler, poet, songwriter and humourist (born 1923)
- March 13 - Jimmy Johnstone, footballer; member of the Scottish Sports Hall of Fame (born 1944)
- March 21 - Margaret Ewing, Scottish National Party MSP and former MP (born 1945)
- March 27 - Ian Hamilton Finlay, writer, artist and gardener (born 1925)
- April 9 - Robin Orr, composer (born 1909)
- April 13 - Muriel Spark, novelist (born 1918)
- April 17 - Calum Kennedy, singer (born 1928)
- May 8 - Iain Macmillan, Scottish photographer and author (born 1938)
- May 17 - Eric Forth, former Conservative MP (born 1944)
- July 6 - Tom Weir, climber, author and broadcaster (born 1914)
- August 30 - Hector Monro, Baron Monro of Langholm, former Conservative and Unionist MP (born 1922)
- September 15 - Douglas Henderson, former Scottish National Party MP (born 1935)
- Hamish MacDonald self-publishes The Willies and Idea in Stone.
- ^ Transport Scotland Freedom of Information (FoI) Publication Scheme www.transportscotland.gov.uk, accessed 26 September 2011
- ^ Embattled Kennedy quits as leader BBC News, 7 January 2006
- ^ SNP sweeps to v ictory in by-election Moray majority rises as Tory hopes dashed www.heraldscotland.com, 28 April 2006
- ^ Opening day for new Gaelic school BBC News, 21 August 2006
- ^ "Status of 'UK's only endemic bird species' confirmed", RSPB Scotland
- ^ Aberdeen Cup 2006
- Timeline of Scottish history
- 2006 in the United Kingdom