Events from 2004 in Scotland
- Monarch â" Elizabeth II
- First Minister and Keeper of the Great Seal - Jack McConnell
- 1 January - Free Scotland Party formed, favouring Scottish independence from both the United Kingdom and the European Union.
- January - A 428 million-year-old fossil Pneumodesmus found at Stonehaven is identified as the world's oldest known creature to have lived on land.
- 16 February - Edwin Morgan becomes Scotland's first ever official national poet, The Scots Makar, appointed by the Scottish Parliament.
- 16 March - Fifteen-year-old boy Kriss Donald is abducted and murdered by Pakistani gang in racially motivated attack in Glasgow.
- 9 May - "Loch Fyne accord": an informal discussion in the car park of the Loch Fyne Oyster Bar near Cairndow between John Prescott (Deputy Prime Minister) and Gordon Brown is supposed to have agreed the latter's succession to Tony Blair as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- 11 May - Stockline Plastics factory explosion: four people die in an explosion at a factory in Glasgow.
- May - "The Bruce Tree" at Strathleven in West Dunbartonshire, an oak once in the ownership of Robert the Bruce, falls as a result of arson.
- 6 June - Sixtieth anniversary of D-Day. Last minute pressure forces First Minister of Scotland Jack McConnell to attend commemorations.
- 22 July - The Scottish Parliament (Constituencies) Act, which breaks the link between the number of Scottish MPs and the number of MSPs, receives the Royal Assent.
- 18 August - Landslide in Glen Ogle.
- 9 October - Scottish Parliament Building in Edinburgh, designed by Enric Miralles, is opened.
- 18 November - Daanish Zahid becomes the first person to be convicted of racially motivated murder in Scotland, for killing Kriss Donald.
- Full date unknown - Jack Henderson, artist and charity fundraiser
- 27 January - Rikki Fulton, comedian (born 1924)
- 1 February - Ally MacLeod, former manager of the Scotland national football team (born 1931)
- 9 March - Alexander Goudie, painter (born 1933)
- 26 January - Serialisation of Alexander McCall Smith's novel 44 Scotland Street, set in Edinburgh, begins in The Scotsman.
- 28 September - Publication of Alexander McCall Smith's novel The Sunday Philosophy Club set in Edinburgh.
- Edinburgh becomes UNESCO's first City of Literature.
- Timeline of Scottish history
- 2004 in the United Kingdom