Events from 2001 in Scotland
- Monarch â" Elizabeth II
- First Minister and Keeper of the Great Seal - Henry McLeish (until 8 November 2001), Jack McConnell (from 22 November 2001)
- 31 January - The Scottish Court in the Netherlands convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed in Lockerbie in 1988. Lamin Khalifah Fhimah (aged 44) is cleared, but Abdelbaset al-Megrahi is found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment (which will take place in Scotland) with a recommended minimum term of 20 years.
- 26 May - The Forth and Clyde Canal reopens throughout for leisure purposes (12 June officially).
- 7 June - The UK General Election results in Labour winning 56 of Scotland's 72 MP's, with the Liberal Democrats winning ten, the Scottish National Party five and the Conservatives one.
- 17 June - Cardinal Winning, head of the Roman Catholic church in Scotland, dies of a heart attack aged 76.
- 21 June - Glasgow Science Centre opens to visitors.
- 24 June - Suicide of Nicola Ann Raphael aged 15 in Glasgow following bullying.
- 14 July - Eriskay is linked to South Uist by causeway.
- 10 September - The Bank of Scotland and the Halifax merge to form HBOS plc.
- October - Glasgow Tower first opens to public.
- 6 November - The Protection from Abuse (Scotland) Act 2001 receives Royal Assent.
- 13 December - New Lanark is designated as a World Heritage Site.
- 23 December - The Cairngorm Mountain Railway opens.
- 26 December - English-born novelist Jo Rowling marries at the country house of Killiechassie which she purchased a month earlier.
- 27 January - Robert Alexander Rankin, mathematician (born 1915)
- 12 June - Thomas Wilson, classical composer (born 1927 in the United States)
- 31 October - Angus MacVicar, writer (born 1908)
- 15 November - Megan Boyd, fly tyer (born 1915 in England)
- Summer - Channel Six Dundee, a Restricted Service Licence television station, begins its 1-year operation.
- Anne Donovan's collection Hieroglyphics and Other Stories is published.
- Pop rock group Speedway formed by Glaswegians Jill Jackson (vocals) and Jim Duguid (drums).
- Timeline of Scottish history
- 2001 in the United Kingdom