Events from 1991 in Scotland.
- Monarch â" Elizabeth II
- 4 April â" South Ronaldsay child abuse scandal: Social services in Orkney are criticised for their handling of more than 100 children who have returned to their families after being taken away over allegations of child abuse.
- 18 May â" Motherwell F.C. triumph 4â"3 over Dundee United to win the Scottish Cup.
- 8 July â" Inauguration of full electric service on British Rail's East Coast Main Line from London King's Cross railway station through to Edinburgh Waverley.
- 9 July â" Western Isles Council loses Â£23 million in the closure of the Bank of Credit and Commerce International.
- 25 July â" The Age of Legal Capacity (Scotland) Act 1991, which gives full legal capacity to those aged over 16, receives the Royal Assent.
- 13 August â" The Prince Charles, Duke of Rothesay, resigns as patron of Scotland's National Museum over a competition to design a new building.
- 27 August â" Dornoch Firth Bridge opened.
- 29 August â" Alick Buchanan-Smith, Conservative MP for Kincardine and Deeside, dies aged 59.
- 30 August â" Liz McColgan wins a gold medal at the World Athletics Championships in Tokyo, Japan.
- October â" Privatisation of the Scottish Bus Group concludes with sale of Western Scottish in a management buyout.
- 7 November â" Kincardine and Deeside by-election results in the Liberal Democrats gaining the seat from the Conservatives on a swing of 11.4%.
- Highlands and Islands Enterprise supersedes the Highlands and Islands Development Board.
- Publication of Vera Carstairs' and Russell Morris' Deprivation and Health in Scotland by Aberdeen University Press, introducing the Carstairs index of deprivation.
- 2 February â" Sir Monty Finniston, industrialist (born 1912)
- 27 June â" George MacLeod, soldier and minister of religion (born 1895)
- 29 August â" Alick Buchanan-Smith, Conservative politician (born 1932)
- October â" Irvine Welsh's short story "The First Day of the Edinbugh Festival", later incorporated into Trainspotting, is published in New Writing Scotland.
- Robert Alan Jamieson's novel A Day at the Office is published.
- Jackie Kay's first, semi-autobiographical, poetry collection The Adoption Papers is published.
- 1991 in the United Kingdom