Events from 1979 in Scotland
- Monarch - Elizabeth II (since 6 February 1952)
- 1 March - Scottish devolution referendum: Scotland votes by a majority of 77,437 for a Scottish Assembly, which is not implemented at this time due to a condition that at least 40% of the electorate must support the proposal.
- 17 March - Penmanshiel Tunnel collapses during reconstruction, killing two workers. A replacement tunnel opens to rail traffic on 20 August.
- 12 April - Cromarty Bridge opens.
- 16 April - Paisley Gilmour Street rail accident: Seven killed in a head-on collision.
- 4 May - UK general election: The Labour Party wins the majority of seats in Scotland but the Conservatives win by a 43-seat majority across the UK as a whole, with Margaret Thatcher becoming the first female Prime Minister. George Younger is appointed Secretary of State for Scotland, an office he will hold until January 1986.
- 7 June - The first election is held for the European Parliament, with the Conservatives winning five, Labour winning two and the Scottish National Party winning one of the 8 seats available in Scotland.
- 12 June - The Tayberry is patented.
- 8 September - Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C. set a new UK transfer record by paying just under Â£1,500,000 for Glasgow-born Aston Villa and Scotland striker Andy Gray.
- Property on Raasay is sold to the Highlands and Islands Development Board.
- 2 February - David Paisley, actor
- 21 April - James McAvoy, actor
- 11 May - Tim Baillie, slalom canoer
- 9 June - Fraser Watts, Scottish cricketer
- date unknown - Julie Fowlis, folk singer
- 24 February - Sir James Hutchison, 1st Baronet, shipbuilder, army officer and politician (born 1893)
- 27 September - Jimmy McCulloch, musician (born 1953)
- Alternative rock trio Cocteau Twins is formed in Grangemouth.
- 1979 in the United Kingdom