Events from 1978 in Scotland
- Monarch â" Elizabeth II (since 6 February 1952)
- 9 February â" Gordon McQueen, 25-year-old Scotland central defender, becomes Britain's first Â£500,000 footballer in a transfer from Leeds United to Manchester United.
- 13 April â" Glasgow Garscadden by-election: Donald Dewar retains the seat for Labour with only a 3.6% swing to the Scottish National Party.
- 31 May â" Hamilton by-election: George Robertson retains the seat for Labour, thwarting a strong challenge from the SNP.
- 16 July â" The Strathspey Railway opens for regular tourist traffic, the oldest continuously-operating steam-worked heritage railway in Scotland, from Boat of Garten to Aviemore.
- 31 July â" The Scotland Act 1978, to establish a Scottish Assembly, receives the Royal Assent.
- 17 October â" A cull of grey seals in the Orkney and Western Islands reduced after a public outcry.
- 26 October â" Berwick and East Lothian by-election: Labour retains the seat with a swing of 0.8% from the Conservatives.
- 25 November â" First North Sea oil comes ashore at the Sullom Voe Terminal in Shetland via the Brent System pipeline.
- 30 March â" Chris Paterson, rugby player
- 14 May â" Emma Rochlin, field hockey defender
- 21 July â" Gary Teale, Scottish footballer
- 25 October â" Russell Anderson, footballer
- 10 November â" Ruth Davidson, leader of the Scottish Conservative and Unionist Party and Member of the Scottish Parliament
- 30 July â" John Mackintosh, Labour politician and advocate of devolution (born 1929)
- 9 September â" Hugh MacDiarmid, poet (born 1892)
- 1978 in the United Kingdom