Events from 1972 in Scotland
- Monarch â" Elizabeth II (since 6 February 1952)
- 11 February - Rockall is formally claimed as part of Scotland.
- 24 May - Rangers F.C. wins the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup with a 3-2 win over Soviet side FC Dynamo Moscow in Barcelona.
- 25 August - Kilbirnie Street fire in Glasgow: 7 firemen killed in a flashover.
- 5 October - Last ship launched at the former John Brown & Company Clydebank yard, Clyde-class bulk grain carrier MV Alisa.
- December - Gartnavel General Hospital opens in Glasgow.
- Anderston Centre opens in Glasgow.
- Wendy Wood stages a hunger strike for home rule.
- The West Highland Free Press newspaper is founded at Broadford, Skye.
- 25 March â" Phil O'Donnell, footballer
- 15 May â" Danny Alexander, Member of Parliament for Inverness, Nairn, Badenoch & Strathspey, 2005 -
- 16 August â" Frankie Boyle, comedian
- 17 August â" David Ralph, field hockey forward
- 2 October â" John Anderson, footballer
- 20 October â" Debbie McLeod, field hockey goalkeeper
- 29 November â" Willie Bain, Scottish Labour Party politician and Member of Parliament for Glasgow North East, 2009-
- Julie Wilson Nimmo, actress
- 15 March - Jimmy Simpson, international footballer (born 1908)
- 28 March - Duncan Campbell, revivalist (born 1898)
- 4 June - David Ross Lauder, recipient of the Victoria Cross (born 1894)
- 30 November - Compton Mackenzie, novelist and Scottish nationalist (born 1883)
- Jimmy MacBeath, folk singer (born 1894)
- George Mackay Brown's novel Greenvoe is published.
- The Average White Band is formed in Dundee.
- The pipe band of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards release their instrumental recording of "Amazing Grace" which reaches No. 1 in the UK Singles Chart in April.
- 1972 in the United Kingdom