Events from 1971 in Scotland
- Monarch â" Elizabeth II (since 6 February 1952)
- 2 January â" 1971 Ibrox disaster: A stairway crush at the Rangers vs. Celtic football match at Ibrox Stadium in Glasgow kills 66 and leaves many more injured.
- 10 March â" 1971 Scottish soldiers' killings: Three young off-duty Royal Highland Fusiliers are lured from a bar in Belfast and shot by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in The Troubles in Northern Ireland.
- 25 May â" Production begins at the Invergordon aluminium works.
- 15 June â" Upper Clyde Shipbuilders enters liquidation.
- 2 July
- 30 July â" Upper Clyde Shipbuilders workers begin to take control of the shipyards in a work-in under the leadership of Jimmy Reid.
- 16 September â" Stirling and Falkirk by-election: Labour retains the seat but the Scottish National Party takes second place with a surge of 20% in their support.
- 21 October â" Clarkston explosion: A gas explosion in Clarkston, Glasgow kills at least twenty people.
- 22 November â" Six climbers die trying to climb Cairn Gorm.
- 2 December â" Last resident families leave the island of Scarp.
- Expansion of Erskine as a planned community begins.
- Tom Farmer opens the first Kwik Fit car servicing centre, in Edinburgh.
- 21 January - Alan McManus, snooker player
- 27 March - David Coulthard, racing driver
- 31 March - Ewan McGregor, actor
- 1 April - Karen Dunbar, comedian
- 18 April - David Tennant, actor
- 31 July - Craig MacLean, track cyclist
- 19 August - Paul McGrillen, footballer (suicide 2009)
- 7 October - Aasmah Mir, journalist and presenter
- 8 October - Michelle Mone, entrepreneur
- 16 June - John Reith, 1st Baron Reith, broadcasting executive (born 1889)
- 25 June - John Boyd Orr, physician and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (born 1880)
- 28 August - Edith Hughes, architect (born 1888)
- 12 December
- Torrance Gillick, Rangers F.C. winger (born 1915)
- Alan Morton, Rangers outside left (born 1893)
- 22 December - D. Alan Stevenson, lighthouse engineer and philatelist (born 1891)
- 18 November - Stewart Conn's play The Burning, concerning King James VI of Scotland, premieres.
- Douglas Hurd and Andrew Osmond's political thriller Scotch on the Rocks, concerning a terrorist group fighting for Scottish independence in the near future, is published by Collins.
- English composer Peter Maxwell Davies settles in Orkney, initially on Hoy.
- 1971 in the United Kingdom