Events from 1961 in Scotland
- Monarch - Elizabeth II (since 6 February 1952)
- 3 March - Holy Loch becomes the United States Navy's FBM Refit Site One and home base to its Submarine Squadron 14 (equipped with Polaris nuclear missiles) with the arrival of tender USS Proteus.
- 10 May - St. Andrew's Catholic Cathedral in Dumfries is destroyed by fire.
- 17 May - Rangers F.C. become the first British team to reach a European final but lose the first leg of the Final of the 1960â"61 European Cup Winners' Cup at Ibrox, 2:0.
- 27 May - Rangers lose the second leg of the Final of the 1960â"61 European Cup Winners' Cup, 2:1, to lose over the two legs by 4:1.
- 1 September - Border Television goes on air.
- 16 September - Three people die and 35 are injured when a stand collapses during a Rangers F.C. football match at Ibrox Park.
- 16â"17 September - Remnants of Atlantic Hurricane Debbie track across Scotland.
- 30 September - Grampian Television goes on air.
- 13 October - The British Motor Corporation's Bathgate Lorry Plant begins production.
- 16 November - Glasgow Bridgeton by-election: Labour retains the seat although the Scottish National Party achieves 18%, only narrowly failing to take second place.
- New Ness Bridge in Inverness.
- Release of short documentary film Seawards the Great Ships, which will be the first Scottish film to win an Academy Award.
- 1 April - Susan Boyle, singer
- 6 April - Rory Bremner, impressionist, playwright and comedian
- 14 April - Robert Carlyle, actor
- 22 April - Ann McKechin, Labour MP from 2001
- 16 May - Sarah Boyack, Labour MSP from 1999
- 22 June - Jimmy Somerville, pop singer
- 18 September - Michael McMahon, Labour MSP from 2011
- 9 November - Jackie Kay, poet and novelist
- 30 December - Charlie Nicholas, international footballer
- W. N. Herbert, poet
- Kevin Williamson, political activist
- 30 January - John Duncan Fergusson artist (born 1874)
- 1 October - Sir William Reid Dick, sculptor (born 1879)
- 13 October - John MacCormick, lawyer and advocate of Home Rule (born 1904)
- Muriel Spark's novel The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie is published.
- Marmalade formed as The Gaylords in Baillieston.
- 1961 in the United Kingdom