Events from 1959 in Scotland
- Monarch â" Elizabeth II (since 6 February 1952)
- 9 January â" Clyde-built fisheries protection vessel Freya founders off Caithness with the loss of 3 of her crew of 20.
- 28 January â" A Glasgow Corporation Tramways tramcar collides with a lorry and catches fire in Shettleston Road with 3 killed.
- 2 May â" The Chapelcross nuclear power station opens.
- 18 September â" Auchengeich mining disaster: 47 miners die as the result of an underground fire at Auchengeich Colliery, Lanarkshire.
- 8 October â" United Kingdom general election results in a record third successive Conservative victory. Harold Macmillan increases the Conservative majority to 100 seats across the UK but the Unionist Party in Scotland loses 4 seats.
- 14 November â" The nuclear Dounreay Fast Reactor achieves criticality.
- 17 November â" Prestwick and Renfrew Airports become the first in the U.K. with duty-free shops.
- 6 December â" Aberdeen trawler George Robb runs aground at Duncansby Head in a severe gale with the loss of all 12 crew.
- 7 December â" Leith coaster Servus runs aground below Dunbeath Castle; her crew are rescued by life-boat.
- 8 December â" Broughty Ferry life-boat Mona capsizes on service to North Carr Lightship with the loss of all 8 of the life-boat crew.
- William Theodore Heard is elevated to Cardinal, the first Scot to hold such an office since the Reformation.
- St. Cuthbert's Co-operative Society opens Scotland's first supermarket in Edinburgh.
- North of Scotland Hydro-Electric Board's Sloy-Awe Hydro-Electric Power Scheme becomes fully operational.
- The fossil ichthyosaur Dearcmhara is first discovered by Brian Shawcross on the Trotternish peninsula of Skye.
- 16 April â" Alison Ramsay, field hockey player
- 27 April â" Sheena Easton, singer
- 16 July â" James MacMillan, composer
- 28 July â" Lorraine Fullbrook, Scottish politician
- 31 July â" Andrew Marr, print and television journalist
- 7 September â" Rona Munro, dramatist and screenwriter
- 8 September â" Judy Murray, tennis player and coach
- 25 November â" Charles Kennedy, leader of the U.K. Liberal Democrats (died 2015)
- 30 November â" Lorraine Kelly, television presenter
- date unknown
- Robert Crawford, poet and literary scholar
- Alexander Stoddart, sculptor
- 2 July â" William Weir, 1st Viscount Weir, industrialist and politician (born 1877)
- 15 November â" Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1869)
- Jane Duncan's first novel My Friends the Miss Boyds is published by Macmillan.
- 1959 in the United Kingdom